In this guideline we give a concise overview of economic valuation methods for measuring ecosystem service values, and their pros and cons. We also discuss essential elements of social cost-benefit analyses that aim to incorporate ecosystem service values.
As well as its intrinsic value, it is becoming increasingly clear just how important GI is for climate change adaptation, biodiversity and human health and wellbeing. Clearly, the protection and enhancement of our GI is vital, and the construction and property sector must play a central role in
We analyzed future land use and its effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Grenoble urban area. We used a toolbox of ecosystem service models to analyze trade-offs and synergies between biodiversity, critical ecosystem services under 4 scenarios for 2040 compared to present. This
Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) starts from a diagrammatic representation of the system that is being studied, developed by pulling together the knowledge of scientists and practitioners (both are stakeholders) about the processes leading to the supply and demand of ES. As a knowledge representation
LEFT presents a simple yet effective method for mapping ecological important landscapes beyond protected areas. The method uses existing globally available web-based databases and models to provide an ecological score based on five key ecological features (biodiversity, fragmentation, threat,
Indicators can be defined as a measure based on verifiable data that conveys information about more than itself. Biodiversity indicators are a central part of effective decision-making and adaptive measurement. This guidance document produced with the support of the Biodiversity Indicators
The travel cost methods (TCM) is based on the observation that recreational services can only be realised through physical access to nature. This implies that individuals seeking to enjoy the service will need to spend resources (time and money) to travel to the site. The travel activity is a
The film Rotterdam - The transition to urban resilience introduces Rotterdam as one of the European cities aligned with the URBES - Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services project. The city presents its experiences and future perspectives on strengthening the resilience of the urban ecosystem as
One specific instrument to capture the value of ecosystem services are payments for ecosystem services (PES). A PES scheme can be designed in various different ways, based on the intended outcomes and target areas. In this training module, the basic characteristics of a PES scheme as well as
A toolkit for valuing the benefits of green infrastructure, consisting of a spreadsheet calculator and a user guide. Monetary and non-monetary values are calculated, generally using a benefits transfer approach. Can be used either to value a planned intervention, or existing green infrastructure.
ToSIA is a decision support tool that was originally developed for the forestry sector, which analyses sustainability impacts of Forest-Wood-Chains (FWCs) and value chains related to resource use. Value chains are chains of production processes that are linked with products. ToSIA compares
A family of techniques which use individual respondents statements about their preferences to estimate change in utility associated with a proposed increase in quality or quantity of an ecosystem service or bundle of services. Respondents are presented with one or more hypothetical policy or
Mitigation cost-based valuation methods are a group of 'exchange-based' techniques that use the cost of actual measures to maintain ecosystem service provision as a proxy for the value of avoiding, mitigating or restoring the loss of services ecosystems provide. Cost-based methods give a
This Factsheet highlights some of the mian highlights from the Cities and Biodiversity Outlook - the first scientific assessment of how global urbanization trends affect biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics. It explains how biodiversity and ecosystem services can be managed and restored in
The TESSA-toolkit focuses on a site-scale-level, such as a wetland, using information gathered locally. The toolkit can help assess climate regulation, flood protection, water provision, water quality improvement, harvested wild and cultivated goods and nature-based recreation. The toolkit is