The site is located in the Northern suburbs of Bristol on Embleton road, Southmead near a primary school. The river Trym rises in Southmead and flows southwest through Badock’s Wood.
To reduce the flood risk, calm traffic and increase community involvement and awareness of sustainable urban drainage systems. To improve water quality in the River Trym.
The Bristol Surface Water Management Plan identified Southmead as an area that has surface water flooding problems and poor water quality in the river Trym.
Sustrans worked with Bristol City Council and ran a number of workshops to engage school pupils and the local community about sustainable water management, road safety and street art and urban design. These workshops included an on-street community design workshop during which the locals could work with a street model and trails using turf, so that the community could envision what the rain gardens might look like.
Bristol City Council’s Highways Teams were given the designs produced by the community which they adapted and then presented back for feedback. A total of five 10 square meter raingardens were retrofitted along Embleton road and a swale was created in existing green space near the school. The rain gardens were planted with wildflowers that would benefit pollinators in the area. Decorative thermoplastics, inspired by the children’s art, were also placed on the road to further slow traffic.
The rain gardens were designed to not only collect and filter surface water but also act as a traffic calming measure outside a primary school. This project has reduced flood risk as well as the speed of cars and subsequently increased walking and cycling. The raingardens and detention basin are maintained by Bristol City Council’s Highways Team and were designed with maintenance in mind.
Potential impacts/ benefits
Enhancing sustainable urbanisation
Restoring ecosystems and their functions
Developing climate change mitigation
Developing climate change adaptation
· Improve water quality
· Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructure
· Reduce flood risk
Green Space management and enhancing urban biodiversity
· Increase amount of green space for residents
· Changing image of the urban environment
· Increased cultural richness and biodiversity
· Reduce run off
· Increase infiltration
Participatory planning and governance
· Increase communities sense of ownership
· Increase social interaction
· Social learning about location and importance of NBS
- Increase infiltration / Water storage
- Reduce flood risk
- Reduce run-off
- Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
- Increased cultural richness and biodiversity
- Changing image of the urban environment
- Improve water quality
- Increase amount of green open spaces for residents
- Increase communities’ sense of ownership
- Increase social interaction
- Social learning about location & importance of NBS
Can be used on most streets suffering from road runoff and flooding or in need of traffic control measures.
Community engagement and design in projects can increase communities sense of ownership and young people are keen to get involved in these projects.
Rain gardens should not be planted directly under trees as leaf build up can be a maintenance issue. Openings should be as wide as possible.
An evaluation package should be created for these projects with regular monitoring to determine the impacts on water quality and flood risk.
The project cost £63,400 and was funded by Bristol Green Capital and Bristol City Council.