The idea of 'nature-based solutions' (NBS) is now being used to reframe policy debates on biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies, and the sustainable use of natural resources, among other issues. While interesting and potentially useful for those
This factsheet explains the importance of understanding the relationship between people and nature in urban planning and decision making in order to achieve urban resilience and sustainability.
LANDPREF is a novel tool to assess desired land use visions. It enables the adjustment of a virtual landscape according to personal preferences of competing land uses, and is an interactive tool for the survey-based assessment of land use preferences. It allows the respondents to interactively
This background paper draws on reviews of the mainstreaming targets and indicators of selected NBSAPs from countries at different stages of their mainstreaming process, and the approaches to assessing the success of mainstreaming biodiversity and other issues into development. Recommendations are
The BioClim project: Climate change adaptation strategy for the natural environment and bioeconomy in Estonia
BioClim, carried out between January and August 2015, was a project concentrating on mapping the current situation, analysing the climate change impacts and possible adaptation measures for the natural environment and bioeconomy in Estonia.
About “Guidance on choice and application of instruments” Task 4.5 coordinates the work and information flow across WP4 Instruments and produced an overall synthesis of the operational potential of ES/NC instruments, a road map for their application and practice guidance for choice and use of ES/
The issue of gender and sustainability has mainly been approached from two different perspectives: the different role of women and men in contributing to sustainable pathways and the differential impacts of environmental degradation on women and men. Both are highly interconnected as the adaptation
The primary goal of the OPERAs project is to operationalise (i.e. put into practice) ecosystem services (ES) and natural capital (NC) concepts and incorporate them into policy and decision-making. This report focuses on the development of new tools, and the enhancement of existing ones, completed
Based on some five years of European research within the TURAS program on transitions, resilience and sustainability, “Bridges to Local Economies” is a handbook looking at the role of the ‘bridging actor’ in facilitating resilient and sustainable local economies. While the book has a focus on
Benefits transfer (BT), or more generally - value transfer (VT) - refers to applying quantitative estimates of ecosystem service values from existing studies to another context. You take value estimates from a study site, and apply them with adjustments to a policy site where time or resource
Berlin is one of the greenest cities in Europe, with more than 2,500 public green spaces, parks and gardens. These areas provide a home for natural diversity and a high quality of life for citizens. Over the next 15 years, the German capital is expected to grow by more than a quarter of a million
SynES is a database that was developed to synthesis site-specific biophysical and socio-economic information on ES. It allows a consistent integration of information by multiple users and from multiple sources. It is a flexible tool that can be used within an individual ES assessment/project or if
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is a general framework for supporting complex decision-making situations with multiple and often conflicting objectives that stakeholders groups and/or decision-makers value differently.
In this guideline we give a concise overview of economic valuation methods for measuring ecosystem service values, and their pros and cons. We also discuss essential elements of social cost-benefit analyses that aim to incorporate ecosystem service values.
The European Forest Institute, in cooperation with Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin and VU University Amsterdam, developed a set of high-resolution wood production maps for European forests. The maps contain predicted volumes of wood production, based on statistics collected for 29 European countries
This training course offers a general introduction to basic economic concepts, gives an overview of some principles of environmental economics, and provides a general understanding of different economic valuation methods with their pros and cons as well as an overview on how valuation can be
This summary document provides an overview of the eight-step framework for eliciting demand for ecosystem services put forth by the OPERAs Exemplars in the full guidance document, Eliciting Demand for Ecosystem Services: Results and User Guidance from the OPERAs Demand Synthesis Working Group. The
A Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) is a framework that uses a graphical representation to show the flow of information in a system. It has nodes or vertices to represent variables which can include observed quantities, latent (unobserved) quantities, expert opinion, model outputs, or unknown
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