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Question from Twitter user '@Ruukel' (Aivar Ruukel): "Hi! I am looking for research reports, case studies, that has compared the economic benefit of forest industry vs. tourism"
Woodland and forest
Cultural service
Valuation: monetary
Valuation: non-monetary
Valuation: socio cultural



The question seems to imply that forest industry and tourism are inevitably in conflict, which is not necessarily true - or at least, it's quite possible to manage woodlands for multiple objectives, including recreation/tourism, biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration and other benefits (e.g. water quality, flood control, health) alongside commercial timber extraction.  This is what the Forestry Commission in the UK seeks to do, and there's a good body of research in this area, though still a lot to do.$FILE/eng-pfe-econmicresearch-final.pdf$FILE/eftec_WCC_Co-benefits_Final_Report_15Nov2016.pdf$FILE/VES_FinalReport_eftec_Oct2011.pdf$FILE/FCRN020.pdf 

Different values of woodlands have been incorporated in land use / land cover models such as TIM (The Integrated Model) by Bateman et al. - see Bateman, I., Day, B., Agarwala, M., Bacon, P., Baďura, T., Binner, A., De-Gol, A., Ditchburn, B., Dugdale, S., Emmett, B., Ferrini,S., Carlo Fezzi, C., Harwood, A., Hillier, J., Hiscock, K., Hulme, M., Jackson, B., Lovett, A., Mackie, E., Matthews, R., Sen, A., Siriwardena, G., Smith, P., Snowdon, P., Sünnenberg, G., Vetter, S., & Vinjili, S. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on. Work Package Report 3: Economic value of ecosystem services. UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.

also Bateman, I., Agarwala, M., Binner, A., Coombes, E., Day, B., Ferrini, S., ... & Posen, P. (2016). Spatially explicit integrated modeling and economic valuation of climate driven land use change and its indirect effects. Journal of Environmental Management, 181, 172-184

See also recent developments in the Outdoor Recreation Valuation tool (ORVal)

Hope this is useful, 


Posted on: 23 Jan 2017 - 10:49


Interesting question.

This is not my core expertise and I am not aware of such research. However, I would like to comment that it might be challenging to draw proper system boundaries. There are no statistics on forest-based tourism. And the economic benefits for the forest industry are no longer fully captured by statistics from the forest sector, as many jobs etc. have been outsourced and are no longer shown as jobs in the industry. However, many such jobs in the service sector would still be depending on the forest industry.

I could consult some colleagues who have worked on forest recreational use and who might know some regional example studies.


Posted on: 23 Jan 2017 - 11:25